ijas
International Journal Of Advances In Surgery

ISSN (O) : 2663 - 046X

A CrossRef Indexed Journal

DOI : 10.34300/26630451

ISSN (P) : 2663 - 0451

IC VALUE : 92.22 (2019)

Volume : IV, Issue : VI, November - 2020


Original Research Paper

Prevalence and associated risk factors for diabetic retinopathy at first ophthalmological examination in Indian population.

Prempal Kaur, Jaspreet Singh Bedi, Bhavkaran Singh, Jasleen Kaur

Abstract :

ObjectiveA cross section hospital based study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy(DR) at the first ophthalmological examination after the patients diagnosis with type 2 diabetes mellitus Method. In this prospective observational study ,patients who visited ophthalmologist for the first time after they were diagnosed as diabetic were enrolled over period of 2 years. After recording their demographic data and biochemical findings they were assessed for DR and was correlated with various risk factors.Results Of 1699 patients, majority(68.9%) of them came to visit ophthalmologist for decreased vision and only 16.12%(274) patients were referred for retinal exam by treating physician.Mean age and mean duration of diabetes was significantly higher in non referred patients. DR was prevalent in 242(16.98%) non referred and 31(11.31%)referred patients.Vision threatening DR was significantly higher in non referred patients. Prevalence of DR was significantly correlated with age at presentation, duration of diabetes, rural background ,uncontrolled diabetes , systolic blood pressure and high BMI. Conclusion Low referral by treating physician and lack of awareness accounts for late presentation of diabetic patients to ophthalmologist. Beyond developing strategies to promote screening programs for early detection and management of DR, education of the patients ,comprehensive planning and coordination between ophthalmologist and physician can go a long way to decrease the economic and social burden of preventable blindness due to diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords :

diabetes , diabetic retinopathy, first presentation, risk factors


Cite This Article:

PREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS FOR DIABETIC RETINOPATHY AT FIRST OPHTHALMOLOGICAL EXAMINATION IN INDIAN POPULATION., Prempal Kaur, Jaspreet Singh Bedi, Bhavkaran Singh, Jasleen Kaur, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MEDICINE : Volume-4 | Issue-6 | November-2020

References :


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